MARCHANT THERAPIES

The Dispensary of Hand Prepared Aromatic Remedies & Complementary Therapies

Swedish & G5 Massage

What is a Swedish Massage

The term "Swedish Massage" refers to a variety of techniques specifically designed to relax muscles by applying pressure to them against deeper muscles and bones, and rubbing in the same direction as the flow of blood returning to the heart.

Swedish massage was developed in the 1700's by a Swedish doctor named Per Henrik Ling. He synthesised a system from his knowledge of gymnastics and physiology and from Chinese, Egyptian, Roman and Greek techniques to produce what is knows as Swedish Massage. 

Swedish massage shortens recovery time from muscular strain by flushing the tissues of lactic acid, uric acid, and other metabolic wastes. It increases circulation without increasing heart load. It stretches the ligaments and tendons keeping them supple and pliable. Swedish massage also stimulates the skin, nervous system and soothes the nerves at the same time.  It reduces stress, both emotional and physical, and is suggested this type of treatment is a regular program for stress management.

The definition of Swedish Massage is a manipulation of the soft tissue of the body for therapeutic purposes. This massage is traditionally performed using talcum powder as it enables the practitioner's hands to slide over the patient with deep pressure. This massage uses flowing movements, a deeper pressure and also brisk, vigorous movements known as (Tapotement)

Types Of  Swedish Massage Techniques

Effleurage The word Effleurage derives from the French word 'effleurer' which means to 'skim over'. There are two categories within this group:

Effleurage:

This movement is performed that always follows the direction of the venous returning or lymphatic return. The pressure can be light to moderate, however it always increases at the end of each stroke to aid lymphatic drainage. Hands are relaxed and are moulded to the contours of the body maintaining contact at all times. The whole of the palm surface of the hand, fingers and thumbs should remain in contact, with the movement of this stroke being smooth and rhythmical with an even pressure.

Stroking:

This is performed using a light stroke and may be performed in any direction. When performing stroking the hands may lift away from the surface of the skin and the return. The hands will normally work alternately.

The Effects Of Effleurage

  • Aids relaxation due to its effects on the nerve endings and mind.
  • Aids removal of waste products from the body in the form of lactic acid, and carbon dioxide.
  • Assist with the blood circulation working in the direction of venous return.
  • Increased blood flow will have an effect on the metabolism increasing the metabolic rate of the tissues.
  • Aids the lymphatic circulation due to the effects on the tissues and lymph vessels.

The Uses Of Effleurage

  • To soothe and relax.
  • Help promote sleep.
  • To prevent or relieve oedema.
  • To help warn up muscles, this is particularly for athletes.
  • Effective as a linkage movement between other massage techniques.

 Petrissage This means to 'knead' by applying pressure to the tissue and moving them over the underlying bone structure in a circular movement or lifting the skin away squeezing and releasing it. Petrissage contains the following groups of movements:

Kneading:

This can be performed using the palm surface, fingers, thumbs or using the ulnar border (little finger side of hand). When applying this technique, a press and release movement can be felt depending on the area and the effect required.

Wringing:

This technique lifts the tissue away from the bones and then pushes the tissue diagonally to the side in a wringing action as the hands move alternately up and down. The tissues are grasped in the palm of the hand and them held between the fingers and thumb.  Wringing can only be used over areas of loose or supple tissue, otherwise the movement will be uncomfortable and ineffective.

Picking Up:

This is again used to pick the tissues up from the bone. The fingers and thumb pick the tissue in an upwards direction alternately if both hands are working. If only one hand is working the the other hand should support the area. A re-enforced technique can be used where one hand is placed over the top of the other to provide more depth to the movement. The tissue is squeezed and released.

Rolling:

The skin and subcutaneous tissue is pressed and rolled against the underlying bone structure. For this movement to be effective there needs to be a certain degree of subcutaneous tissue. It is normally applied transversely by lifting the tissue up with the fingers then pushing downwards towards the fingers with the thumbs.

The Effects Of Petrissage

  • Loosens adherent tissue.
  • Moves the tissue over the bone, this will have a pressing effect on the bone which will stimulate blood supply to the above therefore bringing nutrients to the bone.
  • Aids removal of waste products from the body in the form of lactic acid, carbon dioxide.
  • The alternate pressing and releasing action has a pumping effect on the blood vessels therefore speeding up circulation which will improve the condition of the surrounding tissues.
  • increased blood flow will have an effect on the metabolism, increasing the metabolic rate of the tissues.
  • Aids the lymphatic circulation due to the effects on the tissues and lymph vessels.

The Uses Of Petrissage

  • To stimulate a sluggish circulation.
  • Preventing varicose veins.
  • To promote muscle relaxation.
  • To prevent or relieve oedema.
  • To mobilise therefore improving extension.
  • To improve feelings of well-being and prevent lethargy.
  • Over the abdomen it will stimulate peristalsis thus relieving constipation.

Tapotement or percussion  This is  used to strike the tissue using a light, sparingly and rhythmical action. These movements are very stimulating and are therefore not used during a relaxing massage. They are not used over bony areas or on elderly patients. The different types of movements in this group are:

 Hacking:

Uses the ulnar border of the hand with the little finger, ringing the middle finger to strike the skin in a brisk manner. The hands and fingers are relaxed and turned slightly so that they do no strike in a chopping action. The hands are applied alternately in a brisk, light and rhythmical manner.

Cupping:

This is also known as clapping. The hands are formed into a cup shape and the applied to the tissue using an alternate technique, which is light and brisk and produces a hollow sound. If a slapping noise is heard during the treatment procedure, then the technique being used is incorrect.

Beating:

This movement can be applied using various pressures depending on the effect required, however it is capable of producing the deepest / heaviest effect in this group. It is performed by loosely clenching the fist, tucking the thumbs inside to the palm of the hand, and then alternately striking using the fingers and heel of the hand.

Pounding:

This is performed by clenching the fist and then applying the ulnar side of the hand in an alternate striking action. The action should be brisk and rhythmical with pressure varying depending on the desired effect.

 

The Effects Of Tapotement

  • Stimulates and softens areas where adipose tissue is present, therefore effective on areas of hard fat or cellulite.
  • Increases the circulation to the area producing hyperamia ( increased blood flow ) and erythema ( reddening of the skin).
  • Stimulates the nerve endings therefore having an invigorating effect
  • Hacking stimulates the reflex contraction of the muscle fibres if performed lightly, which can have a toning effect.
  • Increased the metabolism.
  • Has a warming effect.

The Uses Of Tapotement

  • Stimulates or softens areas of fat.
  • Stimulates muscle tone.
  • To improve circulation.
  • To give a feeling of warmth.
  • To invigorate therefore producing a feeling of well-being.

Vibration This is produces by contracting the muscles in the arms to produce a tremor of the muscle or by physically shaking. There are two manipulations within this group:

Vibrations:

This is usually performed with one hand, the muscle is placed into a static contraction to produce a vibrating effect on the muscle

Shaking:

This may be performed with one hand or both. A similar effect is produced however the movements are much larger and produces a shaking effect on the muscle.

The Effects Of Vibrations

  • Stimulates sluggish lymphatic drainage
  • Aids absorption of the tissue fluid
  • Shaking aids muscle relaxation therefore reducing pain and stiffness within a muscle

 

The Uses Of Vibrations

  • When performed along the colon it will relieve flatulence
  • When performed over the chest area it will loosen mucous within the area
  • Relieves tension and therefore aids relaxation

Friction  This is a small localised movements which are performed with either the fingers or the thumbs. They may be applied in a transverse or circular direction and the pressure is normally kept constant and deep throughout application, however released when moving onto a new area. Traditional frictions area applied to a dry skin when is free of a massage medium. In between application of this movement the areas are normally effleuraged or stroked frequently.

Transverse Friction:

This is performed in a backwards and forward type movement across the ligaments or joints. When performing the pressure this will normally be kept constant throughout the application.

Circular Frictions:

This is applied using a small circular stroke using the fingers or thumbs. When applying circular frictions the pressure will become deeper.

The Effects Of Frictions

  • Stimulates circulation to the localised area.
  • Improves nourishment and fluid secretions to joints.
  • Improves nourishment to ligaments.
  • Deep frictions will break down and disperse fibrous nodules.
  • Stimulates nerve endings.
  • Frees scar tissue form underlying tissues.

 

The Uses Of Frictions

  • When performed along either sides of the spine it will produce a feeling of invigoration
  • Can be used to promote healing of scar tissue
  • Disperse tension nodules ( particularly useful on the Trapezius muscle )
  • Stimulates healing of tendon strains suck as tennis elbow
  • Increase lubrication of the joints

 

  • You will at all times be relaxed on a therapist couch listening to therapeutic music to promote self relaxation for the Body & Mind.
  • You will at all times be wrapped in towels for your comfort and warmth, apart from the area that is being treated.
  • Please note that should any contra-indications be present, you will be advised during your initial consultation.

Treatment Cost and Aftercare Advice

Consultation Only Without A Treatment        

60 Minutes   £40.00

Initial Consultation On First Visit With Full Swedish Massage   

90 Minutes   £50.00

Second Treatment and thereafter

60 Minutes   £35.00

 

 

G5 Mechanical Massage

The Gyrator, which is referred to as G5 because it has five different applications, and is usually used generally prior to a pre-massge treatment.

The G5 can either be hand-held or pedestal form. The effects of both types on the human body are approximately the same. The only difference is choice being based on convenience. 

 

Combined Treatments

Those treatments  which will involve the use of the G5 on such parts of the body as the arms, legs, and buttocks. While using the hand on the abdomen, waist, lower thorax, back, neck, and shoulders. The power and depth of penetration of the G5 means that the patient usually experience a deep sense of satisfaction arising from feeling that their problems are being tackled vigorously.

Most of the movements in the normal Swedish Massage hand massage may be stimulates by the G5 so that mechanical massage is really a Swedish Massage achieved with mechanical aid. Together with the other advantages of combined treatments, it should be pointed out that while the G5 is a time saver for the patient, it lacks some of the aesthetic value achieved when the human hand is used. This makes combined treatments more popular.

  • You will at all times be relaxed on a therapist couch listening to therapeutic music to promote self relaxation for the Body & Mind.
  • You will at all times be wrapped in towels for your comfort and warmth, apart from the area that is being treated.
  • Please note that should any contra-indications be present, you will be advised during your initial consultation.

 Treatment Cost and Aftercare Advice

Consultation Only Without A Treatment        

60 Minutes   £40.00

Initial Consultation On First Visit With G5 Treatment   

60 Minutes   £50.00

Second Treatment and thereafter

30 Minutes   £25.00

 

 

 

 

Remember, relaxation is an important part of your day. So give time to yourself ...!

http://www.freewebs.com/marchanttherapies/lymphaticdrainage.htm

'Marchant Therapies'  Telephone: 07958 556909  24 Hour Answer Machine Service